Беременность у кошек и собак

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Беременность  кошек и собак

Если Вы являетесь счастливым владельцем четырехлапой зверушки женского пола, то рано или поздно вынуждены будете беспокоиться о ее потомстве (конечно, если она не стерилизована). Чтобы сама будущая мама и ее малыши чувствовали себя хорошо, Вам следует обеспечить беременной любимице правильное питание и уход. Во время беременности самок ни в коем случае нельзя раздражать, дразнить, менять им место жительства, заводить новых представителей фауны в доме – словом, любым способом негативно влиять на нервную систему кошки, ведь это может навредить котятам или даже вызвать выкидыш.

И наибольшее внимание следует обратить на рацион Вашей любимицы. Ведь в период беременности животное испытывает особую потребность в питательных веществах и энергии. Ей необходим полноценный корм, содержащий все необходимые белки, витамины, минеральные вещества и микроэлементы. Вообще хорошо кормить домашних животных, особенно кошек и собак, кроме мяса, тем, что растет в нашей среде, – утверждают ветеринарные врачи. То есть если кошка или собачка ест яблоки, грибы или какую-то зелень с огорода – то не запрещайте ей. А вот экзотические фрукты и овощи, рыба (лосось, например), суши и прочие «не наши» продукты могут навредить домашним животным. Ни в коем случае не давайте им твердый сыр, ведь он на 50% состоит из жира.

Также не стоит кошек и собак полностью переводить на искусственные корма. Если это все же произошло, и Ваша Мурка или Пальма ничего другого есть не хочет, то давайте им корм для малышей (беременность и лактация – единственный период, когда взрослых особей разрешается кормить кормом для котят и щенков). А еще стоит купить специальный корм для беременных самок и смешивать его с обычным, а после рождения потомства – с кормом для лактации. В первые 2 недели беременности кормление Вашей любимицы должен соответствовать обычным потребностям взрослой особи (для ослабленных животных оно может быть увеличено на 10%). Начиная с 3-й недели беременности потребность самки в пище возрастает в 1,5-2 раза (или примерно на 50%), а с 7-й недели и до родов начинает постепенно снижаться. С ростом срока беременности ежедневный рацион самки следует делить на 3-5 кормлений. Помните, что важно увеличивать именно количество кормлений, а не размер порции! Кошка или собака сама попросит кушать, когда проголодается, поэтому лучше дозируйте ей еду по необходимости, а не накладывайте в миску «на потом». Если животных в доме несколько, то беременную любимицу кормите отдельно.

В рацион беременной собаки, должны входить такие продукты как: сырое или вареное мясо (в зависимости от предпочтений животного) с добавлением небольшого количества вареной печени, творог, молочные каши, тертые овощи (за исключением сырой капусты, которая может вызвать газы) с мелко нарезанной зеленью и растительным маслом. 2-3 раза в неделю можно давать немного отварной рыбы без костей, но не вместо мяса, а как дополнение к нему. Кальций из организма животного активно расходуется для формирования скелетной системы щенков, поэтому ей следует давать минеральные вещества: глицерофосфат кальция, глюконат кальция или фосфорнокислый кальций в таблетках и порошках – но в отношении таких добавок обязательно посоветуйтесь с врачом. Во время беременности животное иногда чувствует тошноту, у него может снизиться аппетит – но это все вполне естественно. Поэтому не пугайтесь и не пытайтесь насильно запихнуть еду в свою любимицу – не хочет, значит, не хочет. Меню беременной кошки или собаки следует сбалансировать так, чтобы не перекармливать ее. Это поможет избежать ожирения животного и развития слишком крупных малышей, что может вызвать осложнения во время родов. Да и вообще перед планированием беременности или в начальный ее период, стоит сходить на консультацию к ветврачу – он поможет составить правильный рацион в соответствии с возрастом, породой животного и его физиологических особенностей.

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