Кормление кошек

Кошки

Кормление кошек и котят

Чем кормить котят?

Около  6 – 12 недель жизни котята, как правило, покидает свою маму, и попадают в новый дом. Стадия роста очень важна для малыша, который требует внимательной заботы и оптимального питания. Нужно помнить, что в первые 4 – 5 месяцев жизни котята интенсивно растут, а их масса тела растет на 10 – 20 г в день. Малышам требуется пища   сбалансированного, безопасного, постоянного состава и соответствующей усвояемости и вкуса. Очень важно обеспечить питомцу правильное питание, содержащее хорошее качество белка, являющегося источником незаменимых аминокислот. Из-за более высокой потребности в энергии котята в период роста нуждаются в большем количестве жиров в рационе, чем взрослые кошки. Также требуется добавление арахидоновой кислоты, т. е. ненасыщенной жирной кислоты, которую кошки не в состоянии вырабатывать. Важно помнить, чтобы в пище были  жиры животного происхождения, так и растительного. Оптимальным решением является применение специально разработанных для растущих кошек  готовых кормов – как сухих, так и влажных. Они могут представлять собой единственный корм для котят, так как они поставляют все необходимые питательные вещества в нужных количествах и пропорциях.

Чем кормить взрослых кошек?

Кошки, в зависимости от породы, достигают размеры взрослой особи около 9-12 месяцев жизни. Породы большие, как например мейн-кун или норвежский лесной, растут даже до 2 лет жизни. Количество калорий, которое должно быть в миске кота в течение суток, зависит от многих факторов. Домашним кошкам, которые не выходят на улицу, как правило, нужно меньшие дозы энергии, чем животным, находящимся большую часть дня на открытом воздухе. Бродячие кошки более активны физически, а также подвержены воздействию неблагоприятных факторов, как, например, низкая или высокая температура воздуха. Поэтому их потребность в энергии в большинстве случаев выше. Кроме того, необходимо учитывать, что домашние коты прошедшие процедуру кастрации, могут иметь большую склонность к полноте и ожирению.

Чем кормить пожилых кошек?

У кошек примерно от 7 –  8  года жизни начинается этап старения. Животные становятся, как правило, менее активны и более чувствительны к изменениям внешней среды и различного рода инфекциям. Кошки между 8 и 10 годами особенно склонны к развитию избыточного веса и ожирению, поэтому очень важно сократить колории. В свою очередь, у кошек старше 10   лет жизни снижается мышечная масса тела, что, как правило,  приводит к  потере веса. На этом этапе жизни необходимо повышение дозы калорий в пище для предотвращения неблагоприятных изменений. Старые кошки должны получать корм очень хорошего качества с макроэлементами и правильной усвояемостью, потому что их метаболические способности ухудшаются. Помните, что в любом случае потребность в питании пожилых котов  должны быть определены индивидуально.

Кормление кошек

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=isQFkoADTS4

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