Пецилобриконы

пецилобриконы фото Обитатели аквариума

Если в аквариуме плавает пецилобрикон (Poecilobrycon eques steindachner), он сразу же привлечет ваше внимание. И не потому, что он ярок и красив – этого как раз и нет, рыбка обращает на себя внимание тем, что положение ее тела наклонное, головой вверх – под углом 40-45 градусов к поверхности воды. В природных условиях пецилобрикон обитает в тихих притоках среднего течения Амазонки.

Как выглядит пецилобрикон?

Длина рыбки 5 сантиметров. Тело торпедообразное. Спинка сероватого цвета с небольшим кофейным отливом. Брюшко светлое, слегка серебристое. Вдоль всего тела, начиная от рыла и захватывая нижнюю лопасть хвостового плавника, проходит широкая темно-коричневая полоса.

Плавники прозрачные, на анальном – пятно из красного и черного штрихов. У взрослых самцов брюшные плавники нежно-голубого цвета. Самки более округлы, чем самцы.

Как оборудовать аквариум для пецилобрикона?

Пецилобриконы предпочитают держаться стайкой в верхних слоях воды, где собирают с поверхности мельчайших насекомых. Поэтому в аквариуме должны быть участки, свободные от плавающей растительности.
Водоемы, где поверхность затянута толстым слоем риччии или ряски, непригодны для пецилобриконов.

Для содержания этих рыб лучше выбрать аквариум “тропического леса”: старая вода (свежей можно заменять только незначительную ее часть), мягкое, рассеянное освещение.
При подборе соседей лучше всего остановить свой выбор на мелких харацинидах и расборах.

Нерест пецилобриконов

Половой зрелости пецилобриконы достигают поле года. На нерест их желательно сажать парой; при посадке гнездами и стаей разной численности, они, как правило, размножаются плохо..

пецилобриконы фото
Для пары производителей нужен нерестовик емкостью 5-6 литров, с уровнем воды в нем 15-20 сантиметров.
Субстратом может служить маленький кустик криптокорины или таиландский папоротник. Но удобнее всего использовать для этой цели пластинку из оргстекла или другой пластмассы темного цвета шириной 20-25 миллиметров. Ее устанавливают наклонно ко дну нерестовика.

Продуктивность колеблется от 150 до 250 икринок. Нерест происходит под листом растения или под искусственным субстратом. Мелкие икринки располагаются на субстрате небольшим пятном. Икра слабоклейкая и поэтому хорошо проваливается под предохранительную сетку (при разведении этих рыб сетка обязательна).
Очень скоро икринки набухают и достигают в диаметре 2 миллиметров. Через сутки выклевываются личинки, а еще через двое молодь начинает активно питаться мельчайшими видами живых кормов.

Мальки пецилобриконы

  • В первые дни жизни у мальков наблюдается отрицательная реакция на свет.
  • Нерестовик с первых же дней кормления молоди надо слегка продувать воду воздухом.

Сразу же после появления на свет мальки имеют ярко выраженную пигментацию. Собравшись вместе в верхнем углу аквариума они выглядят как движущиеся точки. Молодь растет медленно и неравномерно, но сортировать ее не нужно.

В рационе питания должны преобладать мелкие кормовые организмы из верхних и средних слоев воды. Корм со дна рыбы поедают неохотно.

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