Разведение черепах

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Разведение черепах в домашних условиях

Размножение черепах в домашних условиях – это процесс не простой, требующий много времени и соответствующих финансовых затрат. Период размножения в природных условиях происходит в летнее время, а в домашних условиях можно манипулировать этим процессом, и это может произойти в любой период. В начале следует позаботиться, чтобы обстановка в акватеррариуме была максимально близка к той, что царит в природе. Поэтому необходимо снизить температуру воды на несколько градусов (примерно на 3-5 C), и сократить световой день  примерно до 8-9 ч на период 50-60 дней. В это время самец должен быть изолирован от самки. Лучше всего, если спаривание произойдет на территории, где оставалась самка, так как она должна быть спокойной. После этого периода, постепенно увеличиваем температуру в акватеррариуме и удлиняем световой день.В зависимости от вида на одного самца должно приходиться 2-3 самки, хотя иногда случается, что эти пропорции совсем другие. Лучшим субстратом для откладывания яиц является смесь торфа с песком. Самка откладывает около 10 яиц, которые закапывает в подготовленное основание.

Затем нужно выкопать эти яйца – это должно происходить очень осторожно, чтобы эмбрионы не погибли – и положить в инкубатор. В качестве инкубатора можно использовать жаропрочный сосуд вместе с соответствующим образом подготовленным грунтом. После закапывания, в сосуд следует вставить небольшую емкость с водой. Это необходимо для того, чтобы сохранить нужную влажность в инкубаторе. Когда вы увидите, что емкость пуста, её необходимо незамедлительно наполнить водой. Температура в сосуде должна быть от 29-30 С.

С помощью температуры можно повлиять на пол черепах. При более высокой температуре большинство особей будет самками, а при более низкой самцами.

Инкубационный период длится в зависимости от вида от 60 до 96 дней.  Новорожденные черепашки  после пришествия в мир оснащены яйцевым зубом, благодаря которому выходят из яйца.

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