Шиншилла. Уход и содержание в домашних условиях

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Содержание шиншиллы в домашних условиях

Догадались кто это? Знакомьтесь – шиншилла (Chinchilla) – симпатичная и приятная пушистая зверушка. Родина шиншилл – Южная Америка. Различают два вида: малая, или длиннохвостая и большая, или короткохвостая шиншилла, которые принадлежат к отряду грызунов.

Животное не больших размеров, напоминает кролика и белку. У шиншиллы сравнительно крупная голова, хорошо выражены глаза, короткая шерсть, довольно длинный хвост, как правило, слегка закручен к верху. Животные часто серовато-голубого (пепельного) окраса, за исключением белого брюшка. Мех очень мягкий, густой и упругий. Взрослые особи весят от 400 до 700 грамм, длина туловища – 20-35 см, длина хвоста – 10-15 см. Продолжительность жизни зверьков может достичь 20 лет.

Шиншиллу можно спокойно держать дома, но для того, чтобы она хорошо себя чувствовала надо создать оптимальные условия проживания.

Прежде всего, нужно подготовить клетку, в которой будет находиться животное. Для одной шиншиллы клетка должна иметь размеры 70 – 50 см, высоту – 50 см. На низ клетки можно насыпать опилки или стружку. Зверушка очень чистоплотная и почти не имеет запаха.

В клетке должен находиться домик, всегда свежая вода в поилке. Шиншиллы очень чувствительны к стрессам, не любят крика, шума и нуждаются в тихой, спокойной обстановке. Именно поэтому этих животных советуют не заводить семьям с маленькими детьми. Нужно учитывать и то, что животные активны в ночное время суток, а днем спят.

В помещении, где будет жить шиншилла должен быть свежий воздух, но ни в коем случае не должно быть сквозняков. Оптимальная температура – 18-20 градусов.

В еде шиншиллы не привередливые. Кормить их можно специальными кормами. В летний период в их рацион можно добавлять семена растений, сухие корочки хлеба, а зимой – сено, веточки деревьев, орехи, сушеные фрукты (яблоки, курагу, сливы, изюм).

Для того, чтобы у шиншиллы был хороший мех, нужно один раз в 3 дня ставить ванночку с мелким песком.

Царские зверьки очень игривые и шустрые. В этом можно убедиться, посетив зоомагазин. Немало людей заводят шиншилл в качестве домашнего любимца.

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Irina

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Комментарии: 0Публикации: 115Регистрация: 12-12-2016
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