Сравнение психики животных и человека

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Психика животных и человека


Сравнение психики животных  и человека имеют значительные отличия.
Начнем с того, что любое животное начинает действовать только в пределах какой – то определенной ситуации, происходящей с ним в данный момент, то есть мотивация у животных всегда исключительно биологическая.

Ситуативное мышление животных здесь и сейчас делает их заложниками ситуации, которая их окружает. Только ль находясь в центре того, что происходит в настоящий момент животное способно понять ситуацию и предпринять какие – то действия в пользу решения этой задачи. Человек же, благодаря своей способности мыслить логически может заранее просчитать и предположить результат своих действий в настоящем.
Животные могут подать сигнал другим животным относительно своего эмоционального состояния, в то время, как человек с помощью языка и различных технологий сможет проинформировать себе подобных во времени и пространстве.

Животные могут при определенной ситуации использовать некоторые предметы как орудия, но, с другой стороны, животное самостоятельно не сможет создать орудие труда. Животные не живут в мире вещей, которые сами же и создают для определенных целей, как это делают люди. Животные редко действуют сообща и не создают что – то вместе, что – то, что могло бы им пригодиться в будущем.

Человек же создает вещи, думая наперед об их предназначении, использует их в дальнейшем именно так, как он и задумал. Человек ежедневно вращается в мире различных вещей, регулярно пользуется ими, может перенять от других людей опыт в использовании той или иной вещи, или же сам научить кого – то.

Развитие психики у животных подчинено, как правило, биологическим законам, у людей же все немного иначе. Безусловно, и людям, и животным свойственны определенные реакции на какие – либо внешние раздражители на уровне инстинктов. Однако опираться на общественный опыт, полученный обществом годами, более свойственно людям.

С самого начала своей жизни ребенок учится использовать некоторые орудия, учится каким – то необходимым навыками общения с другими людьми. Это развивает у ребенка сферу эмоций, мышление, постепенно начинает формировать личность индивида. Человек становится человеком, когда живет и воспитывается в обществе, среди людей. В мире животных свои законы, которые, зачастую, не понять людям, и наоборот.

Психика животных и человека

Тест на психику, попробуй не засмеяться – видео

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